REPORTED SPEECH /

DOLAYLI ANLATIM

Reported Speech bir kişinin söylediğini bir başka kişiye aktarmak için kullanılır. 
   
DIRECT SPEECH  REPORTED SPEECH
   
Ayşe says, "I feel bad" Ayşe says that she feels bad. 
Ayşe söyler, "kötü hissediyorum". Ayşe kötü hissettiğini söylüyor.
   
Ayse said, "I feel bad". Ayse said that she felt bad
Ayşe dedi: Kötü hissediyorum. Ayşe kötü hissettiğini söyledi.
   
   Yukarıdaki örneklerde görebileğiniz gibi şayet "şimdiki zamanda" söyleneni karşı tarafa aktarıyorsak
"she says that" kullanırız, geçmiş zamanda aktarıyorsak ise "she said that" yapısını kullanırız. 
   Ayrıca, geçmiş zamanda "she said that" den sonra aktarılan cümlenin bir derece geçmişi yapılır.
Tugba said, "I live in Istanbul". Tugba said that she lived in Istanbul. (DOĞRU)
  Tugba said that she lives in Istanbul (YANLIŞ)
Tuğba says, "I live in Istanbul Tugba says that she lives in Istanbul (DOĞRU)
  Tugba says that she lived in Istanbul (YANLIŞ)

 

 

Rihanna said: I am beautiful. She said (that) she was beautiful.
Michael said: I am driving fast. He informed (that) he was driving fast.
Ronaldo said: I have played football he said (that) he had played football.
Neslihan said: I have been playing volleyball. She said (that) she had been playing volleyball.
Burak said: I scored a goal. He said (that) he had scored a goal.
Ali said: I was performing good. He expressed (that) he had been performing good.
Mehmet said: I will come back to Turkey. Mehmet stated (that) he would come back to Turkey.
Ayşe said: My mother is going to make a cake. She said her mother was going to make a cake.
   
today, tonight, this week/month/year that day, that night/week/year
yesterday, last night/week/month/year the day before, the previous day, the previous week/month/year
two days/weeks/months/years ago two days/weeks/months/years before
tomorrow, next week/month/year the next day/following day, the following week/month/year
this, these that, these
now then
here there

 

 

She said: You had better see a doctor today She said I had better see a doctor that day.
She said: I should visit my parents next weekend.   She told she should visit her parents the following weekend.
 
She asked:  Why are you still waiting here? She asked me why I was still waiting there.
 
 
if / whether: olup olmadığını  
 
My teacher asked: Can you play the piano? My teacher asked me whether I could play the piano.
Öğretmenim bana piyano çalıp çalamayacağımı sordu.
My teacher asked me if I could play the piano.
Copyright © ingilizceturkce.gen.tr | Tüm Hakları Saklıdır!